Yacht Types and Sizes

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Are you curious which yacht types and sizes exist in the world? Spoiler: there are plenty!

In this article, we will explore different types of yachts, such as motor yachts, sailing yachts and catamarans, talk about their unique features, advantages and disadvantages. Later we will see how the length of a yacht is measured and how it affects overall yacht size and operations. Finally, you will learn about the difference between serial, semi-custom and custom yachts and choose which one is right for you. 

Let’s get started! 

 

YACHT TYPES

If you consider buying a yacht, you need to decide on its type. Which yacht type do you prefer: motor yachts, sailing yachts or catamarans?

 These three categories are the most popular types of yacht, although there are also other ones.

Let’s look into each of them separately.

 

Yacht Types: Motor Yachts

Motor yacht is the most common type of a superyacht. Around 80% of world’s yachts are motor yachts. These luxury boats are powered by strong engines, do not have sails and over time have become symbol of a classy and laid-back lifestyle.  

Pros of Motor Yachts: 

  • Powerful and fast 
  • Greater technological advances 
  • Greater deck space, more living volume 
  • Easier to find suitable crew members 
  • Easier to operate than a sailing yacht 
  • Easier to host guests of all personalities 

 

Contras of Motor Yachts:

  • Less sustainable, higher fuel consumption 
  • Less adventurous feel (if you are looking for it) 
  • Shorter range (can only be powered by motor) 
  • Engine noise 

Motor yacht is probably the first thing which comes to your mind when you think superyachts. Classy and sleek design, plenty of deck space, comfortable staterooms and lots of entertainment options – all this you can find aboard a motor yacht. Motor yachts come in different types and sizes and with different purposes. The latest trend is explorer motor yachts, which are explicitly equipped for cruising in cold polar regions.  

Yacht Types Motor Yacht

 

Yacht Types: Sailing Yachts

Sailing yachts are the second most popular yacht type. If you love the wind and want that classy sporty feel while aboard, then a sailing yacht is the right yacht type for you. Another advantage is that when not powered by motor, sailing yachts are very quiet. It is only the sound of waves and wind (and an occasional seagull) around you.   

Pros of Sailing Yachts: 

  • Unique feel of adventure 
  • Can combine peaceful cruise with racing  
  • Very quiet when powered by sail  
  • Lower fuel consumption 
  • Lower maintenance cost 
  • Can sail in shallower waters  

 

Contras of Sailing Yachts: 

  • Tend to be slower that motor yachts (in case you like speed) 
  • Less stabilization  
  • Smaller cabin space 
  • Might have less lifestyle equipment available (Jacuzzi, gym, cinema) … 

There are only two types of people out there: sailing yacht fans and motor yacht fans. Rivalry between fans of the two yacht types has become legendary. Probably, you already know which group you belong to. Nevertheless, we still recommend you charter both sailing and motor yachts to be sure you are making the right choice. If you are still unsure, read about the third yacht type below. 

Yacht Types Sailing Yacht

 

Yacht Types: Catamarans  

Catamaran is defined as a vessel with two parallel hulls which are joined together. Due to its form, catamaran is the most stable of all yacht types. If you are looking for stability and comfort, or have family members who easily get seasick, buying a catamaran is a valid option to consider. 

Pros of Catamarans: 

  • More fuel efficient & sustainable 
  • More stability  
  • Can be used in shallow waters 

Contras of Catamarans: 

  • Less volume for staterooms 
  • Higher dockage rates than for a monohull 
  • Different sailing feeling compared to a sailing boat 

Catamarans offer a great opportunity for taking family vacations, which will leave every family member happy. Since they are more difficult to sink, they are also considered the safest boats. If you are looking for extra stability, comfort and space, but also do not want to compromise on adventures and possibility to explore shallow waters, catamaran is right yacht type for you. 

yacht types catamaran

 

Yacht Types: Trimarans 

Big brother of a catamaran, a trimaran, has even three hulls – one main hull in the center, and two smaller hulls on each side. You will not see them as often, but there are certainly also big fans of trimarans out there. Trimarans are designed for racing or leisure but are also widely used for military and shipping purposes. 

Yacht Types Trimaran

 

SERIAL, SEMI-CUSTOM, CUSTOM YACHTS

Now that you understand the type and the size of your perfect yacht, let’s investigate which production options are out there. Unlike the automotive industry where most of the car models come from production lines, the yachting world offers future owners more possibilities.  

SERIALS YACHTS 

This is the most common and less expensive way to get to your new dream boat. Serial or production yachts are yacht models which are produced by shipyards in various quantities based on model and size. Serial does not mean that you cannot tune it to your taste though. Manufacturers offer different sets of modifications with certain yacht models. You will likely get to choose between several layout models and different equipment options. Obviously, if you order a newly build yacht, you are likely to get more space for your improvements, than if you decide to refit an already existing yacht. 

SEMI-CUSTOM YACHTS  

A good way for owners who wish more character and comfort to their boats but at the same time do not want to order a fully customized vessel, is to order a semi-custom yacht. Semi-custom yachts stand between serial and fully customized boats. You save a lot of time and effort by picking an existing engineered platform from which to start planning. Then, together with experienced naval architects and designers, you enhance it up to your expectations by customizing layout (possibly including superstructure) and interiors.

Ordering a semi-custom yacht gives you more freedom to decide how your yacht will look like. Construction time is also much shorter in comparison with a fully customized yacht, since many parts are already designed, engineered and possibly even pre-built. By ordering a semi-custom yacht, you can shorten construction time from two – three years up to several months! Shipyards are also less likely to fall behind the delivery schedule, since they have produced similar yachts before and know which time is needed for delivery. Most semi-custom yachts are designed to suite majority of potential future owners, which means that layout, size, engineering etc will be well thought-through in advance. Due to extensive previous testing & refining of semi-custom hulls by the shipyard, it is possible that your new yacht will turn out more reliable and problem-free than a fully customized yacht. 

CUSTOM YACHTS 

If you wish to be unlike anybody else and want to take your dream a step further, a fully custom-built yacht is exactly what you need. Almost anything is possible and achievable in today’s superyacht building industry. The only considerations are your budget and international safety and security standards, more on which you can read in our article on Safety and Security Onboard Superyachts. With a custom-made yacht, you can be sure you will get exactly the boat you want, tailored just for your preferences, no other yacht in the world being similar. Consider longer delivery time and substantially higher cost, since R&D expenses are not shared between yachts of the same series. Many owners buy a smaller replacement yacht, while they are waiting for their customized dream boat to leave the docks. 

Megayacht close to mountainous shore

 

Yacht Sizes

Also consider the size of your future yacht. Budget is the main factor which determines how big your boat can become. More information on cost of yacht ownership you will find in one of our next articles. Now let’s look at other factors that change with the growing size of a yacht.

The most used metrics of yacht length is Length Overall (LOA). It is measured from the aftmost tip of the hull to the furthermost point of the stem, measured parallel to the waterline. It is probably the only yacht length definition you need to know as an owner.  

If you want to dive deeper, here are other definitions used in the industry: 

Length of Deck (LOD): deck length excluding bow sprits and other projections. Makes particular sense for sailing boats, since their Length Overall can considerably vary from their Length of Deck.  

Length of Hull (LH or LOH): Length of hull including fixed fendering but excluding any bow sprits. It can be shorter than LOA. 

Length of Waterline (LWL): length of a boat at the level where the boat sits in the water. 

Did you know that with each additional meter of length, the internal volume of a yacht increases by 6-7 cubic meters? A 40-meter yacht is not just twice longer than its 20-meter companion. According to Cube Law, it is also 6-7 times larger in volume!  

While thinking of upgrading to a bigger vessel, do not forget that as the yacht size grows, the following factors also increase: 

  • Cost 
  • Availability of marina dockage 
  • Fuel consumption 
  • Number of full-time crew members 
  • Time you can spend away from ports 
  • Quantity of water and other supplies the yacht can carry 
  • Functionality and entertainment options 
  • Complexity of repairs  
  • Applicability of laws & regulations 
  • Time needed to sell the yacht  

During the past decade, superyachts increased in size dramatically, and this trend continues. According to an article by Boat International, there has been around 10.000 yachts over 24-meter LOA in the world. Around 80% of them were motor yachts.

Most of the owners start small and upgrade their boats over years. Once you owned a smaller yacht for some time, you will understand exactly what you love about it. Also, you will know what you want to improve. So why not initiate a new-build of a new more exciting and possibly larger boat? You can still have the older yacht at your disposal, while waiting for the new delivery.  

Will the new delivery be a serial, semi-custom, or a custom yacht? Read below. 

 

SUMMARY: YACHT TYPES AND SIZES

In this article, we classified all yachts into 3 main types: motor yachts, sailing yachts & catamarans. We also discussed their pros & contras. We explained the difference between serial production, semi-custom and custom yachts. Finally, we learned how length overall (LOA) of a yacht is measured and how it affects various aspects of yacht operations.

Another important factor to consider is whether you want to commission a new-built yacht or buy a second hand one. More on this in our next article.   

Are you a motor yacht, sailing yacht, or catamaran fan?  

Comment below! 

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